Symptoms & Causes of Insomnia

Symptoms of Insomnia
Symptoms of insomnia vary. In some sufferers there are lying in a state of awake for a long time before it can really fall asleep. In addition there are also woke up several times from sleep or wake up in the early hours of the day and can not sleep again. Generally the insomniacs will be difficult to move and concentrate during the day because they feel tired. Their appearance also looks not fresh.
In addition to making the sufferer feel tired during the day, insomnia can also affect mood. As a result, often insomnia sufferers are stressed, irritable, or irritable. Although during the day their bodies feel tired, insomniacs usually remain sleepless.
It is difficult to determine the size of normal sleep because the needs of sleep vary by person. It is influenced by age, lifestyle, environment, and diet respectively. Most healthy adults usually sleep about 7-9 hours each night. As we get older, our bodies experience a decrease in sleep duration even though they still need it.
It is advisable to see a doctor if your sleep deprivation has caused problems and affects daily life. Insomnia can also develop into other health problems, such as headaches, digestive disorders, anxiety disorders, and depression. Insomnia can also endanger the patient's personal safety (eg the risk of traffic accidents due to drowsiness and lack of focus).
Causes of Insomnia
The cause of a person suffering from insomnia can vary, including: psychological problems, physical health problems, side effects of medicines, lifestyle, and comfort factors in the room.
Psychological problems
Psychological problems are often a major factor in the emergence of symptoms of insomnia, one of which is stress. Many people who sleep become annoyed because of stress. Examples of stressors can vary. There is stress due to schoolwork, work, financial problems, and stress due to family and social relationships. In addition to stress, depression due to loss of the nearest person, loss of work, or loss of other valuable things can also cause insomnia.
Insomnia can also be caused by anxiety. People with anxiety will find it difficult to start sleeping. In addition, anxiety can also make a person difficult to maintain sleep, so he often woke up in the middle of the night and difficult to sleep again. Examples of anxiety can vary, including anxiety about the financial condition, the future, and anxiety in taking responsibility. Even anxiety and panic for not sleeping can make a person really can not sleep.
In addition to stress or anxiety, other psychological problems that can cause insomnia are mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Underlying physical health problems
Many physical health problems can cause symptoms that can make a person feel uncomfortable and thus have difficulty getting started or maintaining sleep, for example:
  • Suffering from a disease that causes prolonged pain
  • Respiratory disorders (asthma and lung disease)
  • Cardiac disorders (heart failure and angina)
  • Muscle and joint problems (arthritis)
  • Hormonal disorders (hyperthyroidism)
  • Nerve disorders (Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease)
  • Problems with urinary organs (enlarged prostate and urinary incontinence)
  • Cancer
  • Digestive disorders (GERD disease)
  • Stroke
  • Other sleep disorders (sleep disturbances walking, snoring, narcolepsy, restless legs syndrome, or sleep apnea)
Bad lifestyle
Insomnia can be triggered by certain habits or lifestyle that we live, one of which is the time of sleep is not fixed. Our constantly changing bedtime can cause circadian rhythms that regulate the body's metabolism, including sleep and wake cycles, to be disturbed.
Examples of such insomnia are often experienced by people who work on irregular times, those who have a habit of taking a nap to replace the lack of nighttime sleep, and those who experience desynchronosis or experience after a long-haul flight.
Eating large portions of food can also make a person difficult to sleep. Abdomen that is too full can make the body uncomfortable when rested. Sleeping shortly after eating can also potentially cause heartburn. Of course with these conditions, sleep will be disrupted.
Just as large portions of food, excessive consumption of caffeinated beverages, nicotine, and alcoholic beverages should be avoided before bedtime. Alcohol does contain a sedative that can help speed up your sleep, but can not make you sleep until it reaches a more sound stage.
Environmental factor
Uncomfortable bedroom environment can disrupt one's sleep, such as room temperature is too cold or hot, noise, and light is too bright.
Some medicines (whether sold freely in pharmacies or must be prescribed by doctors) have side effects that can cause insomnia for people who consume them. Examples of such drugs are:
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs / NSAIDs
  • Salmeterol, salbutamol, and theophulline (asthma drugs) Beta blocking drugs (usually used for high blood pressure)
  • Some types of antidepressants
  • Allergy medicines
  • Steroid drugs
  • The stimulant drugs used to treat narcolepsy and hyperactivity disorder
  • Epilepsy drugs

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