What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve located behind the eyeball, serves to carry information from the eye to the brain. When the optic nerve is damaged, your vision may be disrupted. In the beginning, glaucoma suffers peripheral vision and if left untreated, the disorder may worsen and eventually cause total blindness.
There are three types of glaucoma :
  1. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma in the United States. Types of contents caused optic nerve damaged little by little. This damage slowly causes the loss of eye sight. The level of eye damage can vary from one eye to the other. Even sometimes your vision is much reduced before you realize it.
  2. Closed-angle glaucoma is a less common type of glaucoma. About 10% of all cases of glaucoma in the United States are closed-angle. This type is due to the colored part of the eye (iris) and the lens prevents fluid movement between your eye chambers. This causes pressure to accumulate and iris depressing the eye drainage system. The type associated with this is a sudden (acute) closed-angle glaucoma, which is often serious and requires immediate medical care to prevent permanent damage to your eyes.
  3. Congenital glaucoma is a rare type of glaucoma that some babies have at birth. Some children and young adults can also be affected by this type of glaucoma.
Early detection and treatment of glaucoma is essential to prevent blindness. If you are at high risk for this disease, go to an ophthalmologist if you do not have symptoms of glaucoma. Some of the glaucoma risk factors are:
  • Glaucoma risk increases after age over 40 years.
  • Race Factors. Blacks are more at risk of this disease than whites.
  • If you have diabetes or
  • If a close family member has glaucoma.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Damage to the optic nerve is often caused by increased intraocular pressure. This can happen when extra fluid accumulates in the eye, such as when the eye produces too much fluid or does not dry out properly. But some cases of glaucoma are not caused by increased pressure. In such cases, the cause may not be found.You can get glaucoma after eye injury, after eye surgery, or due to eye tumor. Some medications (corticosteroids) used to treat other diseases can cause glaucoma.
What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
If you suffer from open-angle glaucoma, the only symptom you may notice is loss of vision. You may not be aware of the loss of vision until it becomes serious. This is because initially, uninterrupted eyes mask impaired vision deficiency. Peripheral vision often disappears before central vision. The symptoms of closed-angle glaucoma can be mild with symptoms such as blurred vision with short duration. While symptoms of closed-angle glaucoma is more severe, among others: blurred vision or pain in or around the eyes with a longer duration. You can also see colored circles (halos) around the light source, red eyes, or feeling abdominal pain and vomiting. Symptoms of congenital glaucoma include: watery eyes and light sensitivity. Your baby can rub, squint, or keep your eyes closed for a long time.
How to Diagnose Glaucoma?
The doctor will ask questions about the symptoms and perform a physical examination. If you are suspected of having glaucoma, then you will be advised to check with your ophthalmologist for further evaluation. This evaluation may require more than one session. Anthalmologist or optometrist can diagnose and treat glaucoma. While opticians can not diagnose or treat the disease. Immediately see your doctor if you see blind spots in your vision or increasing difficulty seeing as time passes. You are advised to have a glaucoma exam if you have a family history of open-angle glaucoma, over 40 years of age, have diabetes, or have other glaucoma risk factors.
How to Take Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is usually treated with drugs such as eye drops. Be sure to follow the daily wear rules so that the drugs can work effectively and maximally. You may need to take medication for the rest of your life and may also require laser surgery or treatment. Adult treatment, unable to restore lost vision, can keep your eyesight from worsening. Treatment aims to stop the optic nerve damage by lowering the pressure in the eye.
How Do You Overcome Glaucoma Conditions?
Learning to adjust your condition with glaucoma can be difficult, as your vision may be much lost when glaucoma is detected. You can find ways to keep your quality of life in consultation and training. You can use visual aids, such as large print items and special video systems to help you cope with reduced vision. You can also create support groups that can help with difficult tasks.

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