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Gender Surgery: Not Just Complicated, But Risky

Sex surgery that allows men to be female or otherwise is still difficult to accept in Indonesia. However, hospitals in Indonesia remain in demand for genital surgery every year.
Sex surgery is a surgical action against a person who experiences a difference between sex and behavior, or often called transsexual. However, genital surgery can also be performed on people who have multiple genitalia since birth.
Stages of Sex Operation
When a person wants to have a genital surgery, it can not be done immediately. There are several stages of the procedure that must be lived.
The first stage
A mental health evaluation should be performed by a psychologist or other psychiatrist prior to genital surgery. It must be proven that there is a gender identity disorder (gender identity disorder), which makes the patient feel depressed due to gender that is considered inappropriate.
Psychologists should also provide further understanding of risk and advanced stages prior to genital surgery.
Phase Two
Before a person is allowed to undergo a genital surgery, they must undergo hormone therapy according to the desired sex. The purpose of hormone therapy is to find out how that change affects a person. This therapy will help the body initiate changes to the desired sex.
For a man who wants to be a woman, then he needs to receive homon estrogen. Meanwhile, for women who want to be a man, it must get the hormone testosterone. In fact, this therapy can be continued after genital surgery performed. Generally, hormone therapy is recommended for one year before sex surgery is performed. When hormone therapy is not sufficient, then consider the possibility of genital surgery.
Third phase
For female genital surgery to be male, the procedure includes removing both breasts, removal of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. In addition, genital surgery also includes the formation of the penis, scrotum, and testicular and penile implants. To ensure the penis works properly, additional surgery may be required.
Meanwhile, for male genital surgery to be female among others required to remove the testicles and penis as well as the formation of the vulva, vagina, and also the clitoris. Additional surgery required include implantation of breast and plastic surgery for more feminine facial shape.
Pay attention to Risk
Sex change is not without risk. Long-term hormone therapy has the risk of causing acne, hair loss, weight gain, gallstones, sleep apnea disorders, to blood clots.
In addition, there is also a risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, brain tumors, and other dangerous conditions. Hormone therapy can also reduce fertility, until it may cause infertility, even if therapy has been discontinued.
Prior to surgery, the doctor may ask obese patients to lose weight, or ask for a temporary stop smoking habit. Hormone therapy is likely to be discontinued some time before surgery.
In addition, certain health conditions such as diabetes and blood clotting disorders should be cautious in undergoing genital surgery procedures, as the risks of anesthesia and postoperative complications become higher.
Especially for people with hepatitis C and HIV, there is the possibility of having difficulty in undergoing genital surgery. People with hepatitis C and HIV are at increased risk of complications, so not many surgeons are willing to perform genital surgery in both groups.
Genital surgery is not a simple procedure that can be done at any time when desired. There are stages to be followed before undergoing the procedure, including health risks to be understood. Careful consideration should be taken before deciding on genital surgery.

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