Causes of Secondary Hypertension

About 10% of people who have high blood pressure pressure are caused by other diseases. If high blood pressure is caused by other diseases, then this is called secondary hypertension. In the case of secondary hypertension, when the cause is treated, usually the blood pressure will return to normal or decrease significantly. Some other diseases that can cause secondary hypertension are:
  • Chronic kidney disease.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Tumors or other adrenal gland diseases.
  • Coarctation of aorta is a narrowing of the aorta that has been born, which can cause high blood pressure in the arm.
  • Pregnancy.
  • The use of birth control pills.
  • Alcohol addiction.
  • Thyroid dysfunction.
While the cause of 90% of other cases of hypertension is unknown, and this is called primary hypertension. Although the specific cause of high blood pressure is unknown, but there are certain factors that are known to contribute to high blood pressure.
Some Factors That Can not Be Changed :
  • Age: As you get older, the more likely you develop high blood pressure, especially systolic arteries become hard. This is largely due to atherosclerosis, or "hardening of the arteries".
  • Race: More African-Americans have higher blood pressure than whites. African-Americans develop high blood pressure at younger ages and more quickly develop more severe high blood pressure complications.
  • Family history (Down): High blood pressure tends to decrease in the family.
  • Gender: Generally, men are more likely to develop high blood pressure than women. This possibility varies with age and varies among ethnic groups.
Some Factors That Can Be Changed :  
  • Obesity: Obesity deficit is if your weight is 30% or more weight above your ideal weight. Obesity is closely related to high blood pressure. Fat people have two to six times more likely to develop high blood pressure than those who weigh in the ideal weight range. The medical professionals strongly recommend that everyone with obesity and high blood pressure lose their weight to a range of 15% of their ideal body weight. Doctors can help you calculate your ideal weight range.
  • Sensitivity of sodium (salt): Some people have high sensitivity to sodium (salt), and their blood pressure rises if they eat salt. Reducing sodium intake tends to lower their blood pressure. Americans consume 10 to 15 times more sodium than is needed. Fast food and processed foods contain high amounts of sodium. Many OTC drugs contain high amounts of sodium, such as painkillers. Check the food label to see how much sodium content is in it. Avoid foods that contain high sodium. The goal to be achieved is no more than 1500 mg of sodium per day.
  • Drinking alcohol: Drinking more than 1-2 glasses of alcohol per day tends to increase blood pressure in those who are sensitive to alcohol.    Birth control pills (use of oral contraceptives): Some women who take birth control pills develop high blood pressure.
  • Lack of exercise (lack of physical activity): Lack of physical activity contributes to the development of obesity and high blood pressure.
  • Drugs: There are certain medications that tend to increase blood pressure, such as amphetamines (stimulants), diet pills, and some pills used to treat flu and allergic symptoms.

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